By Dean Keith Simonton
Книга nice Psychologists and Their occasions: clinical Insights into Psychology's... nice Psychologists and Their instances: medical Insights into Psychology's heritage Книги Психология, философия Автор: Dean Keith Simonton Год издания: 2002 Формат: pdf Издат.:American mental organization Страниц: 554 Размер: 1,2 ISBN: 155798896X Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:Chapters are wealthy in examples drawn from the lives and careers of nota ble psychologists, studying such concerns as delivery order, psychopatholo gy, and highbrow precocity. Of specific curiosity are chapters ex ploring what facets of the sociocultural context are such a lot conducive t o the emergence of illustrious psychologists and the way those sociocultur al conditions-including political occasions, monetary disturbances, or cu ltural values-affect not just the importance of accomplishment but additionally th e very nature of that fulfillment. The findings reviewed result in sugge stions approximately how most sensible to coach and teach either undergraduate psycholo gy majors and graduate scholars in psychology. This e-book could be a use ful source for all psychologists, scientists, and historians who're prepared to consider the provocative overlap among psychology, technology , and heritage.
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Extra resources for Great Psychologists and Their Times: Scientific Insights into Psychology's..
The English–Canadian psychologist George Sidney Brett and Belgian psychologist Ovide Jean Decroly are two others with the same level of productivity as Dennis, and with about the same degree of historical obscurity. Perhaps the minimal criterion for psychological greatness is to have published more than Dennis, Brett, and Decroly. Yet this solution faces two objections. First, there exist ample numbers of great psychologists—such as Anna Freud, Leta Hollingworth, Pierre Janet, and Karl L. Lashley—who might not satisfy this productivity criterion.
On the contrary, the same skewed distribution holds for other sciences as well as for the arts and humanities (Huber, 1999; Simonton, 1999b). 75 Note. The four groups represented distinct samples using different archival sources and definitions of output. Table compiled from various statistics reported in (Dennis, 1954c). Library of Congress; and publications in gerontology and geriatrics, geology, infantile paralysis, chemistry, and linguistics. , 1980; Huber, 1998a, 1998b; Lehman, 1946; Shockley, 1957).
In Group IV, for instance, there were 229 psychologists, implying that 15 would account for half of all the publications. Yet the top decile, which consists of 23 psychologists, can claim only 37% of the total. 2. The Lotka law, formulated by Alfred Lotka (1926), an eminent population geneticist, claims that the number of scientists who claim n publications is inversely proportional to the square of n. Expressed more formally, ƒ (n) = c n – 2, where c is a constant that varies according the discipline and other factors.
Great Psychologists and Their Times: Scientific Insights into Psychology's.. by Dean Keith Simonton