Download e-book for kindle: General History of Africa, Volume 4: Africa from the Twelfth by Joseph Ki-Zerbo, DjiBril Tamsir Niane

By Joseph Ki-Zerbo, DjiBril Tamsir Niane

ISBN-10: 0435948105

ISBN-13: 9780435948108

ISBN-10: 0520039157

ISBN-13: 9780520039155

ISBN-10: 9231017101

ISBN-13: 9789231017100

Volume IV of this acclaimed sequence is now to be had in an abridged paperback variation. the results of years of labor by means of students from around the world, The UNESCO normal heritage of Africa displays how the various peoples of Africa view their civilizations and exhibits the historic relationships among many of the elements of the continent. old connections with different continents show Africa's contribution to the advance of human civilization. every one quantity is lavishly illustrated and includes a complete bibliography.

The interval lined in Volume IV constitutes a vital section within the continent's background, within which Africa built its personal tradition and written files grew to become extra universal. significant issues contain the triumph of Islam; the extension of buying and selling relations,cultural exchanges, and human contacts; and the advance of kingdoms and empires.

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Additional info for General History of Africa, Volume 4: Africa from the Twelfth to the Sixteenth Century

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Originally, a tribe was the n a m e for a socio-cultural group; today, as applied to Africa, it means a 'primitive' or 'backward' unit. T h e word 'fetishism' has a n o less derogatory sense; it is used to describe traditional African religion and has become synonymous with 'charlatanism' or 'the religion of savages', if one can call African observances a religion. 'Animism', as a description of the traditional religion of Africa, also carries a negative charge. Rather than fetishism or animism, w e will speak of the traditional religion of Africa.

1, p. 101; Ibn al-Kattân, op. , pp. 102-3. 27 Africa from the Twelfth to the Sixteenth Century trustworthy m e n , w h o m he consulted on important questions and charged with the execution of great decisions. A m o n g them, al-Bashïr was often, and ' A b d al-Mu'min, ' U m a r Asnadj and M ü s ä Ibn Tamara were sometimes, given military commands. Others were secretaries, kadis and so on. 4 2 The council offifty- Ahl al-KhamsTn T h e n came the consultative councils, the most important of which seems to have been the council offifty{Ahl al-Khatnsin).

5 In Chapter 21 of the present volume, working from archaeological data, Professor Fagan has shown that Z i m b a b w e and the other civilizations of the south developed well before the sixteenth century and were almost completely sheltered from outside influences, or at least that the latter had no substantial effect on their genesis. W e can easily imagine the grandiloquent account w e should have had from an Arab pen, if geographers and travellers had visited Z i m b a b w e and the kingdom of the 'lord of the metals', as they did G h a n a and Mali.

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General History of Africa, Volume 4: Africa from the Twelfth to the Sixteenth Century by Joseph Ki-Zerbo, DjiBril Tamsir Niane

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