New PDF release: Athenian Myths and Institutions: Words in Action

By Wm. Blake Tyrrell, Frieda S. Brown

ISBN-10: 0195067185

ISBN-13: 9780195067187

This booklet analyzes the relationships among Athenian myths and the associations that expert them. particularly, it examines how myths encode strategies on ritual, the code of the warrior, marriage, and politics. Combining conventional historic and literary feedback with the ways of anthropologists, feminist critics, and cultural historians, the authors research particular examples of the epic and tragedy, in addition to funeral orations and the Parthenon marbles, to light up the methods mythic media exploited the ideals, techniques, and practices of fifth-century Athens, concurrently exemplifying and shaping that tradition.

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Wm. Blake Tyrrell, Frieda S. Brown's Athenian Myths and Institutions: Words in Action PDF

This ebook analyzes the relationships among Athenian myths and the associations that knowledgeable them. specifically, it examines how myths encode options on ritual, the code of the warrior, marriage, and politics. Combining conventional historic and literary feedback with the methods of anthropologists, feminist critics, and cultural historians, the authors learn particular examples of the epic and tragedy, in addition to funeral orations and the Parthenon marbles, to light up the methods mythic media exploited the ideals, ideas, and practices of fifth-century Athens, concurrently exemplifying and shaping that tradition.

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Additional info for Athenian Myths and Institutions: Words in Action

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In any event, for our purposes, Homer is the source of the extant versions of the Iliad and the Odyssey; he is the "monumental" poet, the one who, deeply imbued with the oral techniques of heroic poetry, also knew how to go beyond the limitations of traditional methods and material. He gave lasting form to one version of "the wrath of Achilles" and "the homecoming of Odysseus," both of which had been sung in other ways by other poets. This feat was accomplished because the version of the "monumental" poet (or poets) was written down, achieving the permanence of the written record.

Again, we see how cosmogonic myths draw upon everyday reality. Zeus marries Metis who conceives Athena. When Athena is about to be born, Zeus seduces Metis through deceit and puts her down into his stomach/womb. Gala's deception of Kronos with the rock and Zeus's outwitting of Prometheus show how important cunning is for a cosmic sovereign. Zeus's cunning, his dolos, recalls the cunning of Gaia's scheme against Ouranos; the god, with the advice of Gaia and Ouranos, turns female trickery against the clever Metis.

The second battle underscores this, for Typhoeus is the son of Gaia born to replace Zeus. All that Zeus is is contained within Gaia, and all that he becomes is given by or taken from her. The antithesis of Zeus, she remains beyond his power, the only figure in Hesiod's universe to do so. Nor can Hesiod have Zeus overcome Gaia directly. How could he? She is the very ground on which the farmer walks and the fertility on which he depends. Through language which misdirects by emphasizing the physical (earth) rather than the cosmic (Gaia), Hesiod vents and exposes the tension between Gaia and Zeus.

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Athenian Myths and Institutions: Words in Action by Wm. Blake Tyrrell, Frieda S. Brown


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