By J. B. Vos, C. M. Bergman (auth.), C. A. Brebbia, A. Peters, D. Howard (eds.)
This e-book includes an edited model of the court cases of the 2d Interna tional convention on purposes of Supercomputers in Engineering which came about on the Massachusetts Institute of know-how, Cambridge, united states in the course of August 1991. The convention was once prepared by means of the Wessex Insti tute of expertise, Southampton, united kingdom with the help of the foreign Society for Boundary parts. the 1st foreign convention on Ap plications of Supercomputers in Engineering held in Southampton, united kingdom in September 1989 used to be a really profitable assembly and the ensuing convention court cases are actually generally dispensed through the international. The progressive elements of the subsequent iteration of pcs at the moment are absolutely known by means of many engineers and scientists. Vector and parallel desktops shape the root of the computing strength had to deal with the advanced prob lems with which engineers are confronted. the hot machines not just raise the dimensions of the issues which are solved, but additionally require a special computational method of receive the best results.
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Additional info for Applications of Supercomputers in Engineering II
The original source of the kernel is shown in figure 5. For simplicity some index calculations are omitted. DO 20 ID=I, ND LD = ... eID) ... & & 10 . 20 (index calculations) DO 10 I=I,LD X(IP(I+IPO)+IXO) =X(IP(I+IPO)+IXO) +A(I+IAO)*B(IP(I+IPO)+IBO) CONTINUE (index calculations) CONTINUE Figure 5. Kernel of the matrix-vee tor-multiplication It is important, that the vector processor is equipped with a load/store pipeline which is able to access data indirectly with high speed. Only the non-zero matrix elements are stored and processed.
The whole control of the shared vector unit including the switching method is performed by the hardware control program, not by the operating system. / I VCR VUT TR VR MR . / SU2 I I I I I J Figure 3. Shared Vector Unit MULTIPROCESSOR ARCHITECTURE In the multiprocessor models S200/40 and S400/40 the dual scalar architec- ture has been doubled, resulting in four scalar units sharing two vector units. Several multiprocessing aspects can be fulfilled with this architecture. - A single job reaches a high performance on one processor thanks to the powerful scalar and vector units.
In order to evaluate such T(N,P) components, we can consider the mixed parallelism as the product of two factors which are time and space functiohs of the parameters determining the Applications of Supercomputers in Engineering 43 working environment. So, in general, we can also write: T(N,P) = Ft . Fs. In order to achieve effective time parallelism over computations related to 'the same instance of a problem, we have also to consider that the starting period of the whole system must be reduced to a quantity smaller than the execution time of an entire step times the number of elements in the pipeline.
Applications of Supercomputers in Engineering II by J. B. Vos, C. M. Bergman (auth.), C. A. Brebbia, A. Peters, D. Howard (eds.)