By Robert Kent Sutton
Takes an incisive examine America's westward move, focusing on the unfold of serious Revival structure around the US with its cultivation in Oregon throughout the 1850s. Sutton attracts from a large choice of documentary and visible assets: diaries and early architectural development books to present fabric, cultural literature and a wealth of exceptional images.
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Extra info for Americans interpret the Parthenon: the progression of Greek revival architecture from the East Coast to Oregon, 1800-1860
When Iktinos was commissioned to design the Parthenon with an almost limitless budget, he brought together all of the centuries of Hellenic architectural refinement to create the most magnificent structure of his day. Perched on top of the acropolis, the site was ideal. 1: Drawing of the Parthenon, Athens, taken from Stuart James and Nicolas Revett, The Antiquities of Athens, 1762. Then, he incorporated irregular features to relax the stiff appearance that would result from a perfect structure; he inclined the entablature outward to prevent it from seeming to lean inward; and he used a technique called entasis on the columns to give them a rounded, sprightly, and resilient appearance.
The Parthenon looks much as it did in the mid-1700s - a ruin surrounded by a variety of modern and medieval structures. Although published primarily for the enjoyment of the dilettantes of Europe, The Antiquities of Athens became one of the most significant architectural resources ever published. Designers in Europe and later in the United States incorporated features from these volumes into their work. Builders and architects no longer had to guess what the Parthenon looked like - they now had a published picture for guidance.
For example, Hellenic temples quite literally housed Greek gods. European and American temples were called houses of God, but no physical dieties resided within. In short, the windows, interior spaces, and even the exterior architectural massing were different in their modern structures. 5 Page 18 AMERICAN HIGH STYLE GREEK REVIVAL ARCHITECTURE Several European architects brought their Greek Revival experience and libraries to the United States. One of these individuals, Benjamin Henry Latrobe, made his grand tour of ancient antiquities in the late 1700s, traveling widely on the continent, observing the modern advancements in construction as well as the ancient buildings of Italy.
Americans interpret the Parthenon: the progression of Greek revival architecture from the East Coast to Oregon, 1800-1860 by Robert Kent Sutton