By Guillaume Apollinaire
Guiilaume Apollinaire, a number one determine among the younger writers and artists in France till his dying in 1918, released 'Alcools', his first publication of poems, in 1913. With its wide variety of verse varieties and contrasting registers of fashion, 'Alcools' had a substantial impact on Surrealist poetry. The poems supply a most excellent instance of the lyrical paintings during which the paradoxes of Apollinaire are held in excessive poetic stress. The editor's advent and notes occur within the twentieth Century and clarify allusion and problems within the textual content.
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Additional info for Alcools (Athlone French Poets) (French Edition)
It was this emphasis on the presence of poetry in the most banal aspects of life (which he might have found in Baudelaire) which made Apollinaire one of the sources of Surrealism. Andre Breton thought that Apollinaire's 'trouvailles d'images' had the effect of 'creations spontanees' and Tristan Tzara wrote admiringly of his 'images de choc'. Certain obsessive images emerge from the volume. Light signifies lucidity, hope, confidence, the future and, combined with fire, the magic and dangerous alcool as well as the poet's sacrifice in creation.
A y regarder de pres, il n'y a, dans 1'oeuvre d'Apollinaire, que cette certitude cent fois avouee, a travers les themes les plus diflfdrents. Apollinaire nous dit sans cesse 1'avenir en travail dans 1'esprit humain. , Pleiade, ii, p. 895) This view is of course derived from the whole of the range of Apollinaire's work—the assertions of Alcools are more muted and tentative. What does come through with increasing force is his view of the role of the poet as creator. It is a revival of the nineteenthcentury view of the poet-magus in Baudelaire, Mallarme and Rimbaud but its reformulation by Apollinaire, firmly in the context of his own age, takes on a considerable significance.
Souvenirs sur Apollinaire, Grasset, 1945, pp. 47-8) There are other and better reasons. Mallarme had suppressed punctuation in his later poems and in 1912 Marinetti's manifestos in favour of Futurism had advocated, amongst other things, the end of punctuation. In the same year, 'Zone' and 'Vendemiaire' appeared in reviews without punctuation, almost certainly before Apollinaire received the proofs of Alcools. , iv, p. 768): Pour ce qui concerne la ponctuation je ne 1'ai supprime'e que parce qu'elle m'a paru inutile et elle Test en effet, le rythme meme et la coupe des vers voila la veritable ponctuation et il n'en est point besoin d'une autre.
Alcools (Athlone French Poets) (French Edition) by Guillaume Apollinaire