A Short Introduction to Classical Myth by Barry B. Powell PDF

By Barry B. Powell

ISBN-10: 0130258393

ISBN-13: 9780130258397

A vital reference for someone drawn to gaining a deeper figuring out and appreciation of classical mythology, this detailed advisor deals unique resource fabric at the social and old heritage, interpretation, and observation on significant literary books on Greek myth—such as Homer, Hesiod, the tragedians, the historians, Ovid, Vergil, and in Greek artwork. Written in a transparent and lucid demeanour, the e-book deals clean and unique interpretations in line with the most recent scholarship, and springs prepared into 3 targeted components: I: Definitions and Interpretations (devoted to theoretical issues); II: historical past (to fill in info necessary to figuring out myth); and III: topics (chapters directed towards particular subject matters within the research of myth). For common readers of English literature and/or classical mythology.

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Near Lernus' border was a town called Hydra, garrisoned by fifty archers in a tower. According to Palaephatus, Heracles was sent with some troops to attack the town, but when he used fire against the archers, two new ones would take the place of every one who fell. Lernus called in additional help from a mercenary army led by a certain Carcinus (- "crab"). Carcinus was so effective that Iphicles, Heracles' nephew, had to come to his uncle's aid with another contingent from Thebes. At last they succeeded in burning Hydra.

GREEK THEORIES Through their rationalism the Greeks were the first people to become fully self-conscious and critical of their own traditions. The inquiry was closely bound up with Greek philosophy, which began partly in speculation about the i8 D E F I N I T I O N S AND I N T E R P R E T A T I O N nature of myth, then developed into a system of reasoning about causes and effects and about the nature of things that was independent of traditional—that is, mythical—explanations. The Greek philosophers wanted to reduce dependence on explanations that used the anthropomorphic categories of Greek religion so prominent in Greek traditional tales.

Thus Daphne can be interpreted as a symbol of virginity. " Because Greek philosophers were concerned primarily with "the truth" in such fields as cosmology, history, and—as in the case of Daphne— morality, the meanings they found in myth generally originated in these spheres. PHYSICAL ALLEGORY Theagenes (thë-a-jen-ëz), who lived in southern Italy during the later sixth century BC, is said to have been the first to use the allegorical method. None of his writing survives, but later commentators say that he explained mythical accounts of battle among the gods as representing conflicts among natural forces.

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A Short Introduction to Classical Myth by Barry B. Powell

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