By J F. Staal
The achievements of Pānini and the Indian grammarians, starting approximately 2500 years in the past, have by no means been totally liked by way of Western students -- partially a result of nice technical problems offered by way of such an inquiry, and in part simply because proper instructional articles were limited to imprecise and inaccessible publications.
This ebook makes to be had to linguists and Sanskritists a set of crucial articles at the Sanskrit grammarians, and offers a hooked up historic define in their actions. It covers reports and fragments starting from early 7th-century money owed of the grammarians -- recorded via Buddhist pilgrims from China and Tibet, by means of Muslim tourists from the close to East, and through Christian missionaries -- to a couple of the easiest articles that experience seemed over the past century and a half.
Chapters within the publication disguise the root of Sanskrit experiences within the West laid by way of British students operating in India and together with the designated and exact info supplied through Henry Thomas Colebrooke; the linguistic reviews of Pānini via von Schlegel and von Humboldt; the paintings of Bhandarkar and of Kielhorn; William Dwight Whitney's low assessment of the "native" grammarians; and the philological paintings of contemporary Western, Indian, and jap scholars.
The editor observes that fabrics within the Reader show difficulties tackled by way of the Sanskrit grammarians which heavily parallel advancements in modern linguistics. He has supplied historic and linguistic statement and bibliographic information within the introductions and notes that accompany every one choice. Articles are of their unique English, German, and French. Texts or passages in chinese language, Tibetan, Arabic, Sanskrit, Latin, and Greek have, for the main half, been translated into English, and all Sanskrit passages were translated into the Latin alphabet.
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Extra info for A Reader on the Sanskrit Grammarians
Lately a Brahman of South India, at the request of a king of South India, reduced them further to 2500 slokas. This work is widely spread, and used throughout all the frontier provinces, but the well-read scholars of India do not follow it as their guide in practice. This then is the fundamental treatise relating to sounds and letters of the Western world, their branch-divisions, distinctions and mutual connections. e. letter roots or bases); again, there are (treatises on the) two separate kinds of letter-groupings, one named Mandaka in 3000 slokas, the other called Unädi in 2500 slokas.
2. Cändra, composed by Candra, one of the red-robe-wearing sect, the followers of Buddha. 3. Säkata, so called by the name of its author. His tribe, too, is called by a name derived from the same word, viz. Säkatäyana. 4. Pänini, so called from it^author. 5. Kätantra, composed by Sarvavarman. 6. Sasidevavrtti, composed by Sasideva. 7. Durgavivrtti. Sisyahitävrtti, composed by Ugrabhüti. I have been told that the last-mentioned author was the teacher and instructor of Shäh Anandapäla, the son of Jayapäla, who ruled in our time.
Now passion already predominates within me, and I am incapable of adhering to the excellent Law. ' Then he returned to the position of a lay devotee (Upäsaka), and wearing a white garment continued to exalt and promote the true religion, being still in the monastery. D. 651-652). VIII. The Väkya-discourse In addition there is the Väkya-discourse (VäkyapadTya). This contains 700 slokas, and its commentary portion has 7000 (siokas). This is also Bhartrhari's work, atreatise on the Inference supported by the authority of the sacred teaching, and on Inductive arguments.
A Reader on the Sanskrit Grammarians by J F. Staal