New PDF release: A Grammar of Kulina

By Stefan Dienst

ISBN-10: 3110339684

ISBN-13: 9783110339680

Amazonia is linguistically hugely assorted area with various underdocumented, usually heavily endangered languages. This paintings is a reference grammar of an Amazonian language spoken within the rainforests of Brazil and Peru. The ebook offers a complete perception into the grammatical constitution of Kulina, in an effort to be of serious worth to linguistic typologists and anyone attracted to indigenous languages of South the United States.

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Extra resources for A Grammar of Kulina

Sample text

Jarawara has the following first and second person singular pronouns: [o̜wa ~ o̜a] [tiwa] 1SG 2SG Dixon argues that representing [o̜wa ~ o̜a] as owa yields a form which is analogous to the second person form tiwa. A comparative survey of the Arawan languages shows that the Kulina third person masculine pronoun [po̜wa ~ po̜a] seems to be a Madihá innovation and that [ia] for the first person non-singular is a more recent Kulina innovation, for which Deni has the older pronoun ari (which has cognates in Suruwahá and Paumari).

This epenthetic [w] will be represented in the spelling of the examples and texts throughout this work. 4 Stress The primary stress falls on the last syllable of a phonological word. botani ima shikata [bo̜ta'ni] [i'ma] [tshika'ta] ‘stingray’ ‘story’ ‘sour’ In (diachronically) complex words, the secondary stress falls on the last syllable of the first (historical) morpheme. hinomadini hidobadi [hiˌnu̜madi'ni] [hiˌdo̜ba'di] ‘daughter-in-law’ ‘son-in-law’ The words hinomadini and hidobadi are not synchronically segmentable, though it is clear (from other kinship terms in Kulina and Deni) that hino and hido mean ‘grandchild’, madini ‘mother’ and badi ‘father’.

The vowel in the second slot must be different from the one in the first. The consonant slot can be empty or filled by one of the sixteen consonant phonemes. The consonant /w/ cannot occur before the vowel /o/. All other logically possible CV-syllables are attested. CV-syllables are the most common ones in any position of a Kulina morpheme. V-syllables are common in morpheme-initial position, but much rarer elsewhere in the morpheme. 2). 3). VV-syllables are not attested, but should be able to occur, in principle, in morpheme-final position.

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A Grammar of Kulina by Stefan Dienst


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