By Gwendolyn Leick
This Dictionary provides a accomplished survey of the complete diversity of historic close to jap structure from the Neolithic around huts in Palestine to the enormous temples of Ptolemaic Egypt. Gwendolyn Leick examines the advance of the central sorts of historic structure inside their geographical and ancient context, and describes gains of significant websites resembling Ur, Nineveh and Babylon, in addition to the various lesser-known websites. She additionally covers the differences of ordinary old architectural buildings reminiscent of pyramids, tombs and homes, info the development fabric and methods hired, and clarifies professional terminology.
0203041070 grasp ebook ISBN
0203199650 (Adobe eReader structure)
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Additional info for A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Architecture
Foreign structures were also illustrated on reliefs recording military or commercial campaigns (eg fortifications in North Syria and Palestine on the temple walls of KARNAK and ABU SIMBEL; or thatched mud-huts in Punt on Hatshepsut’s mortuary temple at DEIREL-BAHARI). Davies, N. , Bauwerke in der altsumerischen Bildkunst (Wiesbaden 1957) architrave Term borrowed from classical architecture where it denotes the lowest part of the 19 ASHLAR Architraves in the temple of Luxor (XVIII Dynasty) entablature.
2700–2400 BC). The separation could be effected by piers, pillars or a wall. This divided the space into a relatively small cella containing the divine image, a podium or altar and a longitudinal ante-room. This was the standard Southern Mesopotamian pattern, used in Sumerian and Babylonian temples. It was also used for Syro-Palestinian sanctuaries (MEGIDDO, BETH-SHAN, TELL MARDIKH etc). The longitudinal cella in combination with a shallow ante-cella or vestibule is characteristic for Assyrian temples.
At the beginning of the 2nd millennium BC, Assyrian merchants were responsible for much of the trade in precious metals and other commodities conducted with Anatolia and southern Mesopotamia. Around 1400 BC Assyria emerged as a major political power and gradually extended its territorial and military supremacy until it grew into an empire that dominated the whole of the Near East including Egypt, until it collapsed around 610 BC under the combined onslaught of Medes and Babylonians. Assyria’s rise to glory was achieved by a highly efficient army, fighting countless wars, and an equally well-organised administration in the many dependent provinces.
A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Architecture by Gwendolyn Leick