By Gerry Knowles
This ebook provides a brand new interpretation of the background of English. entry to massive corpuses of English has allowed students to evaluate the trivialities of linguistic switch with a lot better precision than sooner than, frequently pinpointing the beginnings of linguistic suggestions in position and time. the writer makes use of the findings from this study to narrate significant old occasions to alter within the language, specifically to components of linguistic inquiry which were of specific value lately, corresponding to discourse research, stylistics and paintings on pidgins and creoles. The publication doesn't try and chronicle adjustments in syntax or pronunciation and spelling, yet is designed to enrich a corpus-based examine of formal adjustments. the tale of English is cited to the overdue Nineties to incorporate, among different issues, discussions of Estuary English and the results of the data superhighway.
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Additional info for A Cultural History of the English Language (The English Language Series)
English and Welsh translations were to be available together in churches so that 'by conferring both tongues together the sooner to attain to the knowledge of the English tongue' (Williams, 1950: 67). In practice, William Morgan's translation, which finally appeared in 1588, was to be an important factor in the preservation of the language. As in England, the courts used English, and the use of English was a condition of holding office (Williams, 1950: 33, 38). Welsh speakers were excluded from positions of influence, and the process of exclusion reached down the social scale from town corporations to street traders.
Here there was a local concentration of Norwegians in a predominantly AngloSaxon area. It must have been in the immigrants' interests to learn English, and eventually Norse died out, leaving no traces in local speech. In the same way, the immigrants in the many smaller settlements throughout the Danelaw must have quickly given up Norse in favour of English. The kingdom of York, by contrast, was a centre of communication. It was established in the southern part of Northumbria, and the new rulers would have been able to make use of the existing network of communication on land.
This is a role it was to retain throughout Europe for well over a thousand years. As a result, all the major languages of Europe have been profoundly influenced by Latin, not only in their vocabulary, but also in their grammar. 3). At the beginning of the Christian era, the Germanic peoples lived in northern Europe. The modern Germanic languages derive from the dialects of the different tribal groups (Frings, 1950). German is a mixture of the dialects spoken south of Denmark. Dutch and Flemish derive from the dialects spoken on the North Sea coast and further inland in the area of the Weser and the Rhine, although the Frisian dialects come more exclusively from the coastal dialects.
A Cultural History of the English Language (The English Language Series) by Gerry Knowles