By Dr. Michael Cooper LaBossiere
This e-book offers descriptions and examples of forty two universal casual fallacies: advert Hominem advert Hominem Tu Quoque attract the implications of a trust attract Authority attract trust entice universal perform entice Emotion entice worry entice Flattery attract Novelty attract Pity entice reputation entice Ridicule entice Spite attract culture Begging the query Biased Generalization Burden of facts Circumstantial advert Hominem Fallacy of Composition complicated reason and impression Fallacy of department fake issue Gambler’s Fallacy Genetic Fallacy Guilt by way of organization Hasty Generalization Ignoring a standard reason center floor deceptive Vividness Peer strain own assault Poisoning the good submit Hoc Questionable reason crimson Herring Relativist Fallacy Slippery Slope designated Pleading highlight Straw guy Wrongs Make a correct
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Additional resources for 42 Fallacies
If he used a magnet to select his sample, then his sample would include a disproportionate number of metal balls (after all, the sample will probably be made up entirely of the metal balls). In this case, any conclusions he might draw about the whole population of balls would be unreliable since he would have few or no plastic balls in the sample. The general idea is that biased samples are less likely to contain numbers proportional to the whole population. For example, if a person wants to find out what most Americans thought about gun control, a poll taken at an NRA meeting would be a biased sample.
In such cases, the feeling of pity is still not evidence. ” Bill: “I know. ” Bill: “I was hit by a truck on the way to the midterm. ” Professor: “I’m sorry about the leg, Bill. ” The above example does not involve a fallacy. While the professor does feel sorry for Bill, she is justified in accepting Bill’s claim that he deserves a makeup. After all getting run over by a truck would be a legitimate excuse for missing a test. ” Example #2: “I’m positive that my work will meet your requirements. I really need the job since my grandmother is sick” Example #3: “I should receive an ‘A’ in this class.
Dave has been arguing that Stalin was a great leader while Kintaro disagrees with him. Kintaro: “I don’t see how you can consider Stalin to be a great leader. ” Dave: “Yeah, well you say that. However, I have a book at home that says that Stalin was acting in the best interest of the people. The millions that were killed were vicious enemies of the state and they had to be killed to protect the rest of the peaceful citizens. ” You can take it from me that when you need a fast acting, effective and safe pain killer there is nothing better than MorphiDope 2000.
42 Fallacies by Dr. Michael Cooper LaBossiere